Carnivore Conservation Programme

 

TACKLING SNARING OF LARGE CARNIVORES

SHORT DESCRIPTION
Snaring is a threat to large carnivores throughout their range in Africa. Wild Dogs are particularly susceptible to being entangles in snares. Snaring can result in death or serious injury that can lead to death or the loss of limbs.

LOCATION
Western Boundary of the Kruger National Park and Northern KwaZulu-Natal are key areas.

TARGETED SPECIES AND HABITAT(S)
Wild Dogs are most susceptible, but all large carnivores can be affected.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Snares are not set for large carnivores but rather for bushmeat. This meat is either used as a source of protein for impoverished communities or for commercial sale. With human population growth, the pressure on natural resources increases and in areas where impoverished communities live on the borders of pars, snaring is becoming more of a problem. Clearing snares is one solution, but the rate of clearing cannot exceed the rate of setting of snares and it is not possible to find all the snares. Thus, the problem needs to be addressed at its root to prevent the need for communities to snare at all. These solutions are based in the social realm and it is likely that the EWT-CCP will need to partner with the relevant experts to address this issue. Local communities need to be engaged to understand the extent and drivers of snaring, then solutions need to be sought that are acceptable to the communities e.g. exploring alternative sources of protein or livelihoods and up skilling communities. This is not a current area of expertise in the EWT-CCP and we will need to partner with experts and investigate novel and effective solutions to the problem e.g. engaging with the Population Health and Environment sector and investigating the use of conservation agreements.